今天这篇文章与以往不同的是,王萍Apple老师分享了自身的雅思教学经验。Apple具备11年英语教学经验,21岁以优异的成绩硕士毕业于法国精英大学——雷恩高等商学院,并加入新东方国外考试部,曾帮助过成千上万的学生。在她看来,加入天行,是她数十年教学经验的沉淀与升华。

In today’s article, Ms. Wang shares her own IELTS teaching experience. She has 11 years’ experience in English teaching. At the age of 21, She graduated with a master’s degree from Rennes School of Business, an elite French university, and joined the Foreign Examination Department of New Oriental, helping thousands of students. From her perspective, Joining Teenson International School is the accumulation and sublimation of her teaching experience.

加入天行之后,我一直在探究的问题是:国际高中应该培养学生具备怎样的英文能力,才能在未来的竞争当中脱颖而出?以及以何种方式去培养这些能力,如何去更好地完成教学?

After joining Teenson, I have been exploring the question: what kind of English ability should international high schools cultivate for students to stand out in future competition? And, more importantly, how to achieve these targets through teaching?

▲本文作者Apple老师

培养学生的学术英文能力

国外大学强调的是学生的学术英文能力(Academic English),比如阅读英文资料,听懂教师授课,参与课堂讨论甚至独立完成演讲,以及撰写论文等。具备这些能力的学生,能够在学业上取得更大的优势。试想一下,如果一个学生可以在课前预习阶段,使用快速阅读的技巧自学掌握基础知识点,之后得以在课堂上充分吸收教师的讲解,积极参与课堂上由教师引导的分析与讨论,提出有价值的问题,同时记录好课堂笔记用于课后复习记忆,并在期末考试中撰写出逻辑清晰论文,那么其学业成绩必然不会太差。我自己就是这样的一个例子。

Foreign universities emphasize academic English ability, including reading English materials, understanding lectures, participating in class discussions and even delivering speech, and writing papers. Students equipped with these abilities can gain a greater advantage in their studies. Imagine, if a student can apply fast reading skills to master basic knowledge as preparation before class, absorb teacher’s explanation, actively participate in discussion guided by teachers, and propose valuable questions in class, jot down class notes for exam revision, and write logical essays in final exams, their academic performance won’t be too bad. I am an example of this myself.

▲新年晚会上Apple老师与学生

而这些能力,也正是雅思(A类)、托福考试出题者试图去评估的语言能力。

And these are the language skills that test-makers of IELTS and TOEFL are trying to evaluate.

英文有其本身的语言之美,但其内容更有思维之美、知识之美。学习英文的乐趣,更多地在于吸收知识,培养思维。

English has its own beauty in language, but it also has beauty in thinking and knowledge. The pleasure of learning English lies more in absorbing knowledge and cultivating thinking.

比如语法,我认为其侧重点在于准确地理解和充分地表达。如果语言的学习只背单词不学语法,那么在阅读时会“单词都认识,意思不理解”,甚至开始在脑海当中排列组合,拼凑出似是而非的句意,做题的时候正中出题者“下怀”。所以语法的学习第一方面是要侧重理解能力。第二方面是侧重表达能力。是为了准确表达自己的意思和思维,才不得不使用特定语气、使用复杂的结构。而如果用复杂的语法表达简单的意思,作文难免显示头重脚轻,甚至在雅思考试中有背诵之嫌而被压低分数。所以,写作中语法的讲解,也要结合思维的拓展,循序渐进地学习,同时让学生体会到语言之美。在考试中,语法理解不准确,听力、阅读难得高分;语法掌握不充分,口语、写作难得高分。

For teaching grammar, I think the emphasis lies on accurate understanding and adequate expressing. Memorizing words without learning grammar would result in “knowing all the words without understanding the meaning”. Students even try to randomly arrange the words in their mind to make up a paradoxical meaning of the sentence, and eventually fall in to the trap designed by exam-maker. Therefore, grammar learning firstly should focus on accurate understanding, and secondly adequate expressing. Students use a specific tone and complex structure only in order to express their meaning accurately. Using complex grammar to express simple meaning would make the composition disharmonious, even be suspected as recitation and obtain low scores in IELTS. Therefore, the teaching of grammar should be combined with the development of thinking, so that students can realize the beauty of language step by step. In the exam, students without accurate understanding rarely score high in listening and reading, while those without adequate expressing rarely in speaking and writing.

▲Apple老师对学生进行口测

再比如词汇,我喜欢追根溯源的思维,从语源的角度理解单词的本来意思,再向学生拓展单词在不同语境中的比喻义(metaphor meaning)及具体用法。这样记忆更准确、更容易迁徙,单词的使用也更加灵活、地道,在各种场景(如TED演讲、外文期刊)中遇到也能够更好地理解其意思。

For teaching vocabulary, I’d like to trace back to etymology, firstly teach the original meaning, and then elicit metaphor meaning in different contexts. In this way, the memory of Chinese meaning is more accurate, and easier to migrate; and the usage of words is more flexible, so that students can better understand them in TED talks or English magazines.

而发音的教学,除了单个音素的音准,我更强调重读、语音现象、语调及节奏。因为这些可以让听众更容易理解你要表达的意思,同时也显得更加流利。语言学习最终的目的是实现沟通。

In the teaching of pronunciation, I emphasize stress, intonation and rhythm. This will make it easier for the audience to understand what you are trying to say, and at the same time make your speech more fluent. The ultimate goal of language learning is communication.

在天行,有沉淀,更有升华

天行有着十分优秀的教学氛围,有每周固定的教研活动推动教师不断成长,有和新东方的联合教研去一起探究最适合中国国际高中生的语言教学方式,有慷慨的同事互相听课共同进步,有经验丰富的教学校长给我们提供宝贵的教学建议。在这样的环境中,我的角色也慢慢从讲授者变成引导者。我变成了一个友善、慷慨、发散的杂家,让学生成为课堂的主角。我会每天精心给学生设计作业单,引导学生有效地自主学习,一点一滴地成长;我会广泛使用课外材料,去拓展学生的知识、词汇和思维,激发学生的学习兴趣;而合作式的教学方式,往往有奇效,学生们在合作和竞争的氛围中,经常做出超出我预期的表现。在学生的要求下,我也会设计游戏、竞赛、辩论、演讲等课堂环节,同学们跃跃欲试,提升语言的应用能力及自信心,并积极参加校外的演讲比赛。

Teenson has a very good teaching atmosphere. Here we organize teaching and researching activity every week, conduct joint research with New Oriental to explore the most suitable English teaching method for Chinese international high school students, provide valuable teaching suggestions given by experienced teaching principals. In such an environment, I gradually change my role from a lecturer to a mentor. I became a kind, generous, and divergent person, making students the key character of the class. I will deliberately design the homework to guide students to learn independently and make gradual progress. I will make extensive use of extracurricular materials to expand students’ knowledge, vocabulary and thinking, and simultaneously stimulate their interest in learning. Moreover, the cooperative teaching method I employed often works dramatically, since students often do better than I expected in cooperation and competition. At the request of students, I also design games, competitions, debates, speeches and other classroom activities. Students are eager to try, meanwhile to improve their language ability and self-confidence. I also encourage them to actively participate in the extra-curricular competitions.

▲课上,学生在做presentation

期待以我的教学经验和理念,帮助更多天行的孩子,培养出优秀的语言应用能力,并在出国考试中斩获佳绩。

With my teaching experience, I am looking forward to helping more talented children develop excellent language ability and achieve satisfying results in the overseas exams.

End

撰写:Apple    王  萍

摄影:Jack      方   晨

编辑:Wendy   贾西贝

翻译:Apple     王  萍

朗读:Cathy     乐开心

主编:Jane      肖    依

总编:Gary      高    陆

文章来源:公众号《天行中文》


来源:新闻资讯网

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